Buying the shares of companies that are not listed is an easy task these days, as there are many online platforms that allow retail investors to own shares of unlisted shares or Pre-IPO shares. Buying Pre-IPO shares have some advantages as well as disadvantages, it is discussed in detail below.
While applying for an IPO a person either uses the UPI or ASBA facility for the payment and in both the process the total amount of money remains blocked by the bank under a "Mandate" until the allotment process is finalized hence the amount remains in the bank account of the investor and only gets debited if he/she receives the allotment of the shares.
The SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) requires every IPO to get at least an overall 90% subscription to proceed to the allotment process. If an IPO fails to get a 90% overall subscription (including the QIB, NII, and Retail category) by the last day of the issue then the IPO is cancelled and the money collected from the investors is refunded back.
The minimum and a maximum number of shares are defined in Lots in an IPO. The minimum number of Lots that a retail investor can apply in the Retail Segment (RII) is 1 Lot and the maximum number of Lots that can be applied should be less than 2 Lakh Rupees. On the other hand, if one wants to apply for more than 2 Lakh rupees then they can apply in the NII (Non-Institutional Investor) category where the minimum amount for investment is 2 lakhs and the maximum amount is not capped.
Yes!, one can apply 1 Lot from different Demat accounts but they have to make sure that the other Demat account should not be mapped under their name or PAN Card. If one applies through 2 or more Demat accounts that are mapped under their name then all of the applications will get rejected.
IPOs have been extremely popular lately as a result of increased retail participation, ongoing bull run, and massive listing gain opportunities. However, the Indian stock markets went through a minor correction which resulted in a muted performance of some IPOs. The market negativity coupled with the lofty valuations of some of the IPOs led to poor listing gains, but the craze might not be over.
One97 Communications, the parent company of Paytm came up with the largest IPO in Indian history but failed to perform well. Firstly the IPO was too big for the retail investors to digest. Then the valuations were extremely high which led to the HNIs and Institutions avoiding the issue. All together the overhype in social media led to massive losses for the retail investors as the stock fell almost 40% in two trading sessions.
Good quality IPOs are great options for investors when considering investing in an IPO. However, IPOs should not be taken as money multiplier instruments and invested in. Multiple IPOs have performed badly due to extremely high valuations and poor financials. Hence, it is important to evaluate the financials of the company before investing in them.
An IPO is divided into 3 categories of investors which are the QIB (Qualified Institutional Buyers), NII (Non-Institutional Investors), and RII (Retail Individual Investors). The allocation for each category is different. The allocation is highest for the QIB category at a minimum of 50% as they have greater financial knowledge and risk appetite and the allocation for Retail Investors is a minimum of 35% and for the NII category, a minimum of 15% is reserved.
In an Initial Public Offering (IPO) a company sells its shares to investors in order to raise money. As a retail investor, you can apply for an IPO from the primary market in order to get the shares offered by the company. Once the shares get listed on the secondary market, you can sell your shares provided you have received an allotment in the primary issue.
IPO's (Initial Public Offering) is very popular right now. Therefore getting an allotment is not easy. There are two different ways in which you can find out your allotment status. These are through the BSE India website and the company Registrar's website. Know the details and another bonus way of finding out allotment status here.
Investing in an IPO can be considered safe as there are no major Capital Loss risks and most companies that come up with an IPO price their shares at decent valuations which gives an opportunity to the investors get the shares at a discount from the market price. Most good quality companies also give good Listing gains and good returns in a short time. Some examples are, IRCTC, Route Mobile, Burger King, etc.