What Happens when an IPO is oversubscribed in India?

Short Answer

IPO is alloted by following the pre-defined rule laid down by the SEBI. When an IPO is oversubscribed it gets allocated by considering the minimum lot size. If still not solved, then a computerized draw of lots is conducted.

Detailed Answer

An IPO is oversubscribed when the number of shares that investors are willing to purchase is higher than the number of available shares. To put it simply, IPO oversubscription happens when the demand for a share is higher than the supply of the shares. Here in this article, we are going to discuss what happens when an IPO is oversubscribed in India and how they are allocated among the investors. So without any further delay, let us get it started.

Rules for Allocation of an IPO in case of Oversubscription

The allocation of shares of an IPO is done by the predefined rules set by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). In IPO, investors are broadly categorized into the following categories.

  1. Qualified Institutional Investors
  1. Non-Institutional Investors
  1. Retail Investors
  1. Others (Employee Category in some case and so on)

Here, 50 percent of the total share of an IPO is allocated to the first category of investors which is Qualified Institutional Investors, and the remaining 35 percent then gets allocated to the retail investors.

In the case of IPO oversubscription, it gets allocated to the retail investors by calculating the total number of shares available for the retail investors and dividing it by the minimum lot size. This process helps in determining the number of total retail investors who will be allocated shares of an IPO.

However, even after all this, there is a higher chance that the number of retail investors comes higher than the maximum number of shares issued. In such cases, the eligibility for the minimum bid is determined by lottery, which is a computerized process, leaving no room for any potential errors.


So now you know what happens when an IPO gets oversubscribed in India. Good IPOs often get oversubscribed as the demand to buy the share of a particular company gets high. If you want to anything more about IPO and how it works then leave your queries in the comment section down below.

Tagged With: ipooversubscribed ipoinitial public offeringipo subscription
Categories: IPO Basics
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Related FAQs

What is an IPO or Initial Public Offering?

IPO or Initial Public Offering is the process through which a private company goes public by offering its shares to the public for the first time.

How to increase IPO allotment chance?

Subscribing for an IPO with multiple accounts, avoiding last-day applications, and choosing minimum bids are few ways to increase IPO allotment chances.

Can a minor apply in IPO?

Have you ever wondered id a minor can apply for an IPO? Yes, a minor can apply for an IPO given that he/she has a PAN card and a Demat account.

Can we apply for an IPO online on Sunday?

Yes, you can apply for an IPO application on Sunday as well but through an online application. But, you need to keep few points in mind before doing that.

How to sell IPO?

You can sell your shares of an IPO through the stockbroker application or website. Let's see what's the simple process to sell the shares you hold.

I want to invest for short time so please let me know which IPO will give positive gain?

Selling the IPO shares on the first day of its listing could get you considerable postive gains. But there is a higher chance for the prices to rise and even fall if you wait for a more extended period.

Can I apply more than one IPO application in my name from different saving bank accounts in same bank or different banks?

Only one PAN card can be used for one application. No matter how many different savings account details you might utilize, if there is the same PAN number in more than two applications, then all of them would be revoked.

What is PPF or Public Provident Fund in India?

Public Provident Fund Scheme is a saving scheme that comes with tax benefits. Ministry of Finance introduced this scheme in the year 1968. The main objective of PPF is to encourage general people to mobilize their small savings. The interest offered on these schemes are not taxable. Precisely, PPF is an investment with non-taxable returns.

Can I revise or cancel my IPO application?

There is a subscription period for every IPO. You can make the changes or cancel your IPO applciation within this period. Post this; there is nothing that can be done.

What is the life cycle of an IPO? Process

An IPO or Initial Public Offering is where for the first time an earlier unlisted company sells new or existing securities and offers them to the public in the primary market.