Trading can be done employing many techniques. Some of them are Intraday trading, swing trading, scalping, and positional trading. Intraday and scalping comprise two forms of trading where the positions are squared off on a particular day. Whereas in positional and swing trading, the positions are held on for weeks or months.
Trading is different from investing in many ways. While investing in a stock, you analyze the financials and other future prospects. Whereas while trading, financials, and other internal factors are not that significant. Traders go long (buy) or short (sell) a particular stock based on the short-term trend and market volatility.
Although the risk is extremely high in trading, the rewards are quick and high too.
Trading can be categorized in 4 ways, Let's discover the various methods of trading and try to analyze which can be the best for you.
Let’s start with the shortest form of trading which is Intraday trading. As the name implies, Intraday trading involves closing all positions within the same day. In this form of trading, you never carry forward your positions to the next day. Instead, you utilize the market hours to buy or sell multiple stocks and exit them within the same trading session. You will require a lot of skill and knowledge of various technical parameters to be able to generate consistent profits while trading intraday. Leverage is also involved in day trading thus the risk involved in this is higher when compared to some of the other techniques.
Scalping is another form of intraday trading but the characteristics are marginally different. Scalping is the most concise form of trading, where traders can get in and out of a trade within seconds or minutes. It is principally employed to profit from arbitrage opportunities and other supply & demand anomalies. A scalper takes multiple small trades in a day, depending on the opportunities available to capitalize on all small and big price movements.
Swing trading is another form of trend trading. Swing traders typically carry their trades for more than one trading session and sometimes for weeks. Swing trading requires the application of both technical and fundamental indicators. Be it in an uptrend, downtrend, or sideways market, swing trading can be implemented in any of the situations. The risk involved in this technique is comparatively lower than intraday and scalping as the short-term fluctuations do not create much of a difference. Swing traders look at the broader picture and manage their positions accordingly so that they can benefit from their view on the underlying.
Positional trading is the safest form of trading as it is insulated from short-term market volatility. Positional trading possesses some of the traits of stock investing as it involves buying and holding the position for a significant amount of time. A typical positional trade can last for weeks, months, or even longer, based on the underlying trend. This technique can be applied to stocks based on their underlying sector or on a picking economic trend. Positional trading involves the least amount of risk if executed after proper research and analysis. The extended holding period can encourage you to ignore the intraday volatility and maintain your conviction on your view.
Trading involves numerous technical and fundamental parameters hence there is not a single most profitable technique. However, you can minimize the risks involved by employing different techniques and also hedging your trades. Here is the risk involved in different forms of trading.
If you are a beginner, you can start with swing or positional trading where the risk is comparatively lower. Once you gain expertise and build your skill set, you can progress towards intraday trading followed by scalping.