Mutual funds are regulated by SEBI ( Securities and Exchange Board of India). SEBI regulates mutual funds as 1996 Mutual fund regulation. SEBI is also the regulator for wider capital and securities market in India. SEBI was formed in 1988 as a statutory body and drives it powers from SEBI act 1992.
Liquid funds, a type of mutual funds which invest in different money market instruments. The withdrawals from these funds are processed within 24 hours and that's why these are regarded as liquid assets. The fund manager gets flexibility to meet immediate redemption requests.
In a way, there are a lot of similarities between Mutual Funds and Hedge Funds. In the both types of investments, a group of investors pool their money and invest in different type of securities. The main misconception about the funds is that people think that they are similar and the terms are interchangeable. In reality, they are not same and there is a very thin line between them.
Debt funds are mutual funds managed by professionals with their money invested in high-rated securities. Just like you lend money to the bank through fixed deposit or while purchasing the bond, a certificate is issued by the borrower. Debt funds also work on the similar concept.
Mutual funds for 80c benefits also called ELSS or tax saving funds are one of the most prominent and lucrative investment options to save taxes as well as grow money. Primarily because the have lowest lock-in period amongst the 80c investment options and have historically delivered best returns.
Exchange traded fund is a freely marketable security which tracks a particular index, commodity, bonds or combination of assets. they aren't popular as there is no additional tax incentives, not enough liquidity, under performs most of the time, lack of choices, lack of institutional interest, costs are low but not enough and lack of awareness.