ETF is an investment instrument that tracks a group of securities from a particular asset class and performs according to it. It is managed by a Fund manager who makes sure that the ETF tracks the underlying asset accurately. ETFs are listed on the Stock Exchanges therefore one can buy & sell them within the market hours at their desired prices.
An ETF or (Exchange-traded Fund) is a type of investment tool that mostly tracks an Index, commodity, or a specific sector and is listed on the Stock exchanges. ETFs are a pool of Funds (similar to Mutual Funds) actively or passively managed by a Fund Manager who ensures that the Fund tracks the underlying asset accurately.
Some examples of ETFs are Nifty50 ETF, BankNifty ETF, S&P 500 ETF, etc.
The 3 types of ETF’s that are the most popular among investors are-
Different types of ETFs are made to track different asset classes. For example, a Gold ETF will track the price of Gold and will move accordingly. Similarly, a Nifty50 ETF will track the Nifty 50 Index and move accordingly.
ETFs are called Exchange Traded Funds because they are listed on the Stock exchanges from where an individual can buy and sell them within the market hours. The price of these ETFs fluctuates every second as the underlying asset moves, unlike Mutual funds that update their NAV (Net Asset Value) only at the end of the day. One can get their desired price while selling their ETFs by placing a Limit order but one has to sell a Mutual Fund only at the NAV.
Difference between ETF & Mutual Funds
Let's take an example of HDFC Nifty50 ETF.
This ETF falls under the Equity category as it tracks the Nifty 50 Index and moves accordingly to the Nifty 50. One can buy and sell 1 unit of this ETF at any point of time during market hours. When one buys this ETF the fund purchases the companies under Nifty in the same proportion. By this, it ensures that the direction of the ETF and Nifty50 is always the same. The current price of this ETF is Rs 158 which is roughly 1/100 the price of the Nifty50 Index. Hence one can buy 1 ETF for Rs 158 at the current market price and get exposure to all the 50 stocks in the Nifty50 index.
ETS are alike mutual funds but offer better features. It offers the flexibility of “Entry” and “Exit” price to the investors, as well as the Expense Ratio, is much lower compared to Mutual Funds which makes it an ideal option for Passive investing.
ETFs (Exchange Traded Funds) and Mutual Funds are similar investment vehicles that provide the investors various features. Both have their benefits and shortcomings. ETFs are a good option for passive investors who want to invest in a particular Index or Sector without much rebalancing. On the other hand, Mutual Funds are a better option for active investors who are more active with their investments. One can switch between funds according to their current strategies.
ETFs are investment instruments that are listed on stock exchanges that offer investors to get exposure to a variety of asset classes. ETFs can be of different types tracking a particular asset class like Index, Commodity, and a particular sector. There are some changes in an ETF that include the Expense ratio and some other fixed charges charged by brokers, SEBI, etc.
The Mirae Asset NYSE FANG Plus ETF Fund is a good option for Investors who want foreign exposure. The Equity allocation is very concentrated to just 10 stocks which makes this ETF very volatile and risky. This ETF consists of the top 10 stocks in their respective sectors mostly TECH, like Amazon, Netflix. Facebook, etc. Hence Investors with high-risk tolerance and a long time period should consider this fund.
Exchange traded fund is a freely marketable security which tracks a particular index, commodity, bonds or combination of assets. they aren't popular as there is no additional tax incentives, not enough liquidity, under performs most of the time, lack of choices, lack of institutional interest, costs are low but not enough and lack of awareness.
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ETFs (Exchange Traded Funds) & Mutual Funds are investment avenues that are managed by a Fund manager and allow Retail investors to invest in them. ETFs are listed on Stock Exchanges, and Mutual Funds are not. Usually, ETFs track an Index or sector whereas Mutual Funds offer a much more variety of Funds from which an investor can choose from. Both of these investment vehicles have their own merits and demerits. One should evaluate their risk profile and goals and choose one of them either. Find out which of these is the better option.
Zerodha as well as Groww, both allow investors to invest in Mutual funds. Groww does not charge any Account opening fees or Annual maintenance Charges but Zerodha charges Rs 200 for Account opening and Rs 300 for AMC. This makes Groww a cheaper and better option when it comes to investing in mutual funds.